Reading and Recall

Compiled by Kaveh Farrokh (Ph.D.), Counsellor & Learning Specialist at Langara College Counselling Department.


A number of older studies have shown a positive relationship between reading for meaning and better recall of information. Hayes and Tierney (1981) for example have found that students who use analogies to understand concepts during reading often achieve better recall and comprehension. Jacoby (1983) found that students who learn words in context tend to recall them better versus students who tried to learn words outside of meaningful context. Glover, Harvey and Corkill (1988) found that students who used paraphrasing and mnemonic learning strategies tended to recall written instructions better than control subjects not utilizing these strategies.


Glover, Harvey and Corkill (1988. Remembering written instructions: tab A goes to into slot C, or does it? British Journal of Educational Psychology, 58, pp. 191-200.

Hayes, D.A., & Tierney, R.J. (1981). Developing readers’ knowledge through analogy. Reading Research Quarterly, Vol.17 (no.2), pp. 256-280.

Jacoby, L.J. (1983). Remembering the data: analyzing interactive processes in reading. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, Vol.22, pp.485-508.

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